Choosing the right fishing line is one of the most important aspects of fishing equipment selection. There are three types of fishing line; monofilament, braided, and fluorocarbon. This article will explain the features and benefits of these fishing lines so that you’ll know how to choose the fishing line that’s best for you.
Monofilament Fishing Line
Monofilament fishing line, referred to as mono, was invented by Stren in 1958. Monofilament is made from just one material, nylon, which is strong, flexible, and translucent. Monofilament fishing line is much less expensive than braided and fluorocarbon fishing line which makes it a top choice for many casual fishermen. Monofilament does have some downsides that you should be aware of. For example, mono is sensitive to ultraviolet rays and can be broken down by bug sprays containing DEET. As such, you need to change out monofilament fishing line at least once a year. Monofilament also has a memory which can cause the line to coil excessively. Mono stretches so setting the hook is more difficult which can result in lost fish. Mono is also more likely to break against abrasive surfaces so you may want to choose either braided or fluorocarbon fishing line if you’re fishing in rocky water. Mono is the line of choice for ultralight rod and reel combos, with many experts agreeing that Berkley Trilene XL is the best.
Braided Fishing Line
Braided fishing line offers more strength per diameter than does monofilament. It is stiff, and does not stretch which makes setting the hook easier. Braided fishing line is also more resistent against damaging UV rays and brackish water. Braided fishing line comes in different colors allowing the angler to be prepared for virtually any type of water clarity. Braided fishing line does tend to “slip” off the reel so you’ll want to leave about 1/8th of an inch between the wound line and the edge of the spool. Braided fishing line can also damage plastic spools as well as the eyelets of fishing rods so some fishermen will only use braided fishing line on their metal rod and reel combos. Spiderwire and Berkley Fireline are two of the more popular brands of braided fishing lines.
Fluorocarbon Fishing Line
Fluorocarbon fishing line has much lower visibility than both monofilament and braided fishing line. Fluorocarbon fishing line is resistent to damage from UV rays, DEET, saltwater, and abrasive surfaces. It is more sensitive than both monofilament and braided fishing line as it doesn’t stretch. The line sinks fairly quickly so it’s great for fishing deep diving lures and bait. Fluorocarbon fishing line is not without flaws however. Fluorocarbon fishing line tends to have a “memory” and it can also be very stiff which makes it a poor choice for fishing in cold water. Fluorocarbon fishing line is expensive and it is not suitable for use with ultralight rod and reel combos. That said, fluorocarbon fishing line is the ideal choice in scenarios where stealth lure and bait presentation is a must. Fluorocarbon fishing line is often used as leader with braided line serving as the backing. Seaguar makes one of the best fluorocarbon fishing lines on the market.